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role (social role)

Definition of Role

(noun) A position containing a set of socially defined attributes and expectations that determine appropriate behavior for an individual or group based on their status in relation to other people or groups.

Example of Role

Role Pronunciation

  • IPA Pronunciation
    • American English
      • /roʊl/
    • British English
      • /rəʊl/
  • Syllabification: (role)

Usage Notes

  • Plural: roles
  • The terms “role” and “social role” are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
  • An individual simultaneously occupies multiple roles.
  • Roles are complementary, dynamic, and relational.
  • The distinction between a role and status is a role is what you “do” and a status is what you “are.” Being provider for a child is a role, being a parent is a status.

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Additional Information

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References

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Strong, Bryan, Christine DeVault, and Theodore F. Cohen. 2011. The Marriage and Family Experience: Intimate Relationships in a Changing Society. 11th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning.

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Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

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Cite the Definition of Role

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “role.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 15, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/role/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

role. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/role/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “role.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 15, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/role/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“role.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 15 Oct. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/role/>.