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habitualization

1. (noun) “All human activity is subject to habitualization. Any action that is repeated frequently becomes cast into a pattern, which can then be reproduced with an economy of effort and which, ipso facto, is apprehended by its performer as that pattern. Habitualization further implies that the action in question may be performed again in the future in the same manner and with the same economical effort” (Berger and Luckmann 1967:70–71); 2. (noun) Reality is socially created through repeated human interactions, that develop into patterns, thus: individuals create society and society creates individuals.

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hate crime

(noun) A crime, often violent, motivated by prejudice.

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Hawthorne effect

(noun) When an individual’s behavior changes in some way due to their awareness of being observed.

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head of household

(noun) The primary provider of income and food in the household but traditionally connoting a senior male in Western societies.

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Head Start Program

(noun) A federal program in the United States launched 1965 and expanded in 1981 to provide universal access to emotional, mental, and social support though education, health, and nutrition services to preschool students of low socioeconomic status and their families.

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health

(noun) The physical and mental condition of an individual.

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hedonism

1. (noun) The pursuit of pleasure; historically coupled with a belief that pursuit connected one with divine realms; 2. (noun) Acts, practices and ideas associated with the pursuit of pleasure.

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hegemony

(noun) The authority, dominance, and influence of one group, nation, or society over another group, nation, or society; typically through cultural, economic, or political means.

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heterogamy

(noun) A marriage or other relationship between individuals with differing characteristics and statuses such as socioeconomic status or ethnicity.

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heterosexism

(noun) Actions and behaviors which institutionalize or reify opposite-sex attraction as the only legitimate and “normal” sexual relation, at the expense of all others.

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heterosexuality

(noun) Emotional, physical, romantic, or sexual attraction to members of the opposite sex based on a binary of female and male.

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hidden curriculum

(noun) Informal, unintended, and unwritten non-academic knowledge gained from peers at school.

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hierarchy

1. (noun) The system of power distribution in which an individual or group resides within a culture, organization, or society; 2. (noun) A ranking of people or things.

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high culture

(noun) Cultural aspects (material and nonmaterial) considered superior and typically associated with and consumed by the elites of society: the well-educated or wealthy.

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Hinduism

(noun) A diverse belief system in South Asia, principally in India and Nepal, with distinct religious and philosophical beliefs that underlie societal and cultural norms such as the belief in reincarnation, a caste system, and the personification of a supreme being that takes numerous forms.

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holism

(noun) The principle that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts and a part cannot be understood independent of the whole.

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homework

(noun) Wage work completed at home for pay, typically on a per piece basis.

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homicide

(noun) The killing of an individual by another individual.

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homogamy

(noun) A marriage or other relationship between people with similar characteristics (e.g., age and appearance) and statuses such as socioeconomics or ethnicity.