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cadre

(noun) A small group of influential people that often form, lead, or train a larger organization; nucleus.

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cancer cluster

(noun) A greater-than-expected level of cancer cases in a group of people within a defined geographic area over a period of time.

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capital

1. (noun) In an economic sense, any asset that produces or can be used to produce income goods or services; 2. (noun) Any asset, either tangible or intangible, that can be used used to produce an outcome.

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capital flight

(noun) The flow (flight) of capital away from one country or investment into another.

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capitalism

(noun) An economic system based on market competition and the pursuit of profit, in which the means of production are owned privately by individuals or corporations.

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career inheritance

(noun) The tendency for children to enter the same or similar occupations as their parents.

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carrying capacity

(noun) The amount of people that an area of land can support based on the amount of available resources.

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case

1. (noun) One unit in a sample; 2. (noun) One example or instance in a study.

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case study

(noun) A detailed and in-depth study of a single case, involving an event, group, individual, or organization.

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caste

1. (noun) A stratified system of categorization based on a status conferred at birth (ascribed status) based on descent, in which individuals do not have mobility due to custom or law; 2. (noun) A group and the individual members of a group within a caste.

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caste system

(noun) A stratified system based on a status conferred at birth (ascribed status) due to an individual’s descent in which individuals do not have mobility due to custom or law.

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casual crowd

(noun) A group of people who happen to be at the same location at the same time.

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celibacy

(noun) The intentional absence of sexual activities.

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cenogamy

(noun) A group marriage in which any member may have sexual relations with any other members of the group.

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census

1. (noun) An official count of a population typically taken at regular intervals; 2. (verb) Take a census.

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centenarian

1. (noun) An individual, aged 100 years old or older; 2. (adjective) Relating to an individual 100 years old or older.

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charismatic authority

(noun) A type of power legitimated by perceived extraordinary characteristics that inspires devotion and obedience from followers.