(noun) A socially created and poorly defined categorization of people into groups on basis of real or perceived physical characteristics.
(noun) When real estate agents guide home buyers away or towards certain neighborhoods on the basis of race and ethnicity.
(noun) Any attitude, belief, or behavior used to explain and justify prejudice and discrimination against racial or ethnic minorities, on the basis of perceived inferiority.
(noun) A group created through bilateral descent.
(noun) A sample that ensures that every member of a population has an equal chance of inclusion.
(noun) A society that limits access to prestige but not to resources.
(noun) A quantity measured in proportion to another quantity.
(noun) A type of power legitimized by laws, rules, norms, and procedures
(noun) A long-term process whereby beliefs based on morality or superstition are replaced by rules and procedures based on logic and efficiency.
(noun) Unanalyzed data.
(noun) The standards and values a society actually has, instead of pretends or tries to have.
(noun) Returning to criminal behavior, particularly after incarceration.
(noun) The nonmarket transfer of goods or services between two or more people based on role-determined obligations.
(noun) The transfer of goods or services between people and groups to a central authority for allocation.
(noun) The transfer of income, property, or wealth from one individual or group to another individual or group.
1. (noun) The principle that the whole can be best understood by examining its parts; 2. (noun) Reducing the complex into fundamental parts for analysis.
See: circular reference
(noun) A group to which an individual is compared or compares themselves.
(noun) A social movement that wants to change a specific facet of society.
1. (noun) A person that flees a country out of fear for their safety either for economic or political reasons or due to a natural disaster; 2. (noun) A person granted or seeking asylum in a country other than their own.