(noun) Viewing an individual or group solely as a depersonalized thing (or “object”) existing for the sole purpose of the viewer’s wants and needs, without regard for the individual’s or group’s own agency.
(noun) Judgments based on facts and undistorted by bias, emotion, or prejudice.
(noun) Making and recording a measurement.
(noun) Employment, typically for pay; a job.
(noun) A disease caused by conditions of one’s occupation, such as exposure to toxic substances or repetitive motion.
1. (noun) A type of business or government in which a small elite group holds power; government by the few; 2. (noun) Any group under oligarchic control.
(noun) A marriage in which each individual is free to enter into romantic or sexual relationships with others and thus have extramarital relationships.
(noun) A romantic or sexual relationship in which each individual is free to enter into romantic or sexual relationships with others.
(noun) The process of transforming an abstract concept into a precise definition that is measurable and testable; creating operational definitions.
(noun) A painful or dangerous method of trial controlled by supernatural forces that proves an individual’s guilt or innocence through divine judgement in which survival or degree of injury typically indicates innocence.
(noun) A formal, goal-orientated group with members and a defined structure, governed by rules and procedures that guide operation.
(noun) A formal organization with a hierarchical power structure, a clear division of labor, and a network of resources that is focused on illegal activities such as drug trafficking or prostitution.
(noun) Any group or category that an individual does not belong to as a member and may even feel animosity toward or compete with.
(noun) Of a business or government, the act or process of contracting an outside source, instead of internal employees, to do work (services).
(noun) Work completed at home for pay, typically on a per piece basis.
(noun) When an area has too many inhabitants to support the population’s needs (e.g., food, water).