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gatekeeping

(noun) When an individual or group controls access to goods and services but particularly to information and people with power.

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gender

(noun) The attitudes, behaviors, norms, and roles that a society or culture associates with an individual’s sex, thus the difference between female and male; the meanings attached to being feminine or masculine.

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gender binary

(noun) Gender distinctions divided into two categories, namely women and men or feminine or masculine.

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gender gap

(noun) The differences between women and men on a range of topics; typically applies to the difference between what men and women are paid in their jobs.

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gender role

(noun) The expected role determined by an individual’s sex and the associated attitudes, behaviors, norms, and values.

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gender socialization

(noun) The lifelong process of learning the socially approved attitudes, behaviors, norms, and values associated with a sex, typically through early education, family, media, and peers.

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genealogy

1. (noun) The study of descent; 2. (noun) A record of descent for an individual, family, or group; 3. (noun) A diagram that represents relationships in a family, also called a family tree.

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generalizability

(noun) The extent to which findings from a study can be applied to a larger population or different circumstance.

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generalized other

(noun) George Herbert Mead’s (1863–1931) term for expected behaviors, norms, and values considered the standard in one’s community or society; “what is expected of you”.

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generation

1. (noun) A group of people who experienced a common historical period; 2. (noun) A level in a kinship hierarchy; 3. (noun) A group at a similar level in the life course.

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genocide

(noun) The systematic and widespread extermination of a cultural, ethnic, political, racial, or religious group.

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gentrification

(noun) The planned or unplanned process by which wealthy or affluent individuals in the middle class displace poorer individuals in traditionally working class or poor neighborhoods by purchasing property and upgrading it through renovation and modernization.

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geriatrics

(noun) The branch of medicine that focuses on the elderly, specifically health and wellness through the prevention and treatment of disability and disease.

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gerontocracy

(noun) A social organization, typically an oligarchy, in which the oldest members have the most power, prestige, and wealth.

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gerontology

(noun) The study of the aging process (senescence), specifically the biological, psychological, and social issues that impact the elderly.

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gerotranscendence

(noun) The theory that older people transcend the limited opinions and views of life they once held or wisdom comes with age.

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glass ceiling

(noun) An artificial, unseen, and often unacknowledged discriminatory barrier that prevents otherwise qualified people such as women and minorities from rising to positions of leadership and power, particularly within a corporation.