Definition of Status
Examples of Status
Types of Status
- American English – /stAY-tuhs/
- British English – /stAY-tuhs/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈstædəs/
- British English – /ˈsteɪtəs/
- Plural: statuses
- The terms “status” and “social status” are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- An individual often simultaneously occupies multiple statuses, combined these are called a status set.
- Statuses are complementary, dynamic, and relational.
- The distinction between status and role is a status is what you “are” and a role is what you “do.” Being a parent is a status, being a provider for your children is a role.
- Also called social status.
- “[As] you experience your social statuses; you live through them. They are the filters through which you see and make sense of the world, and in large measure they account for how you are treated and what you notice” (Rosenblum and Travis 2012:194).
- “There is an ordering of versions of femininity and masculinity at the level of the whole society, in some ways analogous to the patterns of face-to-face relations with institution. the possibilities of variation, of course, are vastly greater. The sheer complexity of relationships involving millions of people guarantees that ethnic differences and generational differences as well as class patterns come into play. But in key aspects the organization of gender on the very large scale must be more skeletal and simplified than the human relationships in face-to-face milieux. The forms of femininity and masculinity constituted at this level are stylized and impoverished. Their interrelation is centred on the single structural fact, the global dominance of men over women” (Connell 1987:183).
- Role Theory Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “status” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bendix, Reinhard, ed. 1974. Class, Status and Power. 2nd ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
- Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. London: Routledge.
- Chan, Tak Wing, ed. 2010. Social Status and Cultural Consumption. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Crompton, Rosemary. 2008. Class and Stratification. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Polity Press.
- Linton, Ralph. 1936. The Study of Man: An Introduction. New York: D. Appleton-Century.
- Pearce, Jone L., ed. 2011. Status in Management and Organizations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Rege, Mari. 2008. “Why do People Care about Social Status?” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 66(2):233–42. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2006.04.005.
- Ridgeway, Cecilia L., Kristen Backor, Yan E. Li, Justine E. Tinkler, and Kristan G. Erickson. 2009. “How Easily does a Social Difference become a Status Distinction? Gender Matters.” American Sociological Review 74(1):44–62. doi:10.1177/000312240907400103.
- achieved status
- ascribed status
- master status
- status consistency
- status lender
- status offense
- status quo
- status symbol
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ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “status.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 5, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/status/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
status. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/status/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “status.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 5, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/status/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“status.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 5 Jul. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/status/>.