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baby boomer

(noun) An individual born after World War II (1939–1945) roughly between 1946–1964, typically referring to people in Australia, Europe, and the United States.

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barter

1. (verb) The exchange of a good or service for another good or service without using money; 2. (noun) The act or process of bartering.

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behavior

(noun) How an individual or group acts or conducts themselves when interacting with another individual, group, or event.

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belief

(noun) A conviction or idea about the nature of reality that an individual or group accepts as true.

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belief system

(noun) A set of beliefs held by a particular society, culture, or individual.

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bias

1. (noun) A tendency (either known or unknown) to prefer one thing over another that prevents objectivity; 2. (verb) The act of showing a bias; 3. (verb) To influence in some way.

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bifurcation

(noun) In reference to kinship, it is the distinction between the father’s and mother’s sides of the family.

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bigamy

(noun) The condition or practice of being married to multiple spouses at the same time, typically, with the connotation of illegality.

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bigotry

(noun) Extreme intolerance of the beliefs and opinions of an individual or group, particularly racial or religious.

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bilateral descent

(noun) Tracing an individual’s descent simultaneously through the father’s and mother’s line, where all ancestors by blood (consanguinity) are considered related.

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bilineal descent

(noun) Tracing an individual’s descent through the father’s male line and the mother’s female line.

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bilocal residence

(noun) When a married couple lives with or near either spouses’ family or alternates between families.

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biological determinism

(noun) The theory that all social phenomena are determined by biological factors such as genetics, not social or cultural influences.

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birth rate

(noun) The rate of live births in a population over a year, typically expressed per 1,000.

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bisexuality

(noun) Emotional, physical, romantic, or sexual attraction to members of the same and opposite sex based on a binary of female and male.

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black market

1. (noun) The illegal market for goods and services that are price regulated, rationed, or restricted; 2. (noun) The location where illegal buying and selling occurs.

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blended family

(noun) A family consisting of two or more adult partners and their children together with their children from previous relationships either living with them or nearby.