Definition of Survey
(noun) A research method that collects data from respondents through a series of questions by interview or questionnaire.
- American English – /sUHR-vay/
- British English – /sUHR-vay/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈsərˌveɪ/
- British English – /ˈsəːveɪ/
- Plural: surveys
- The terms “survey” and “social survey” are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- Using surveys as a research method is called survey research.
- Also called:
- social survey
- survey method
- “[R]esearchers frequently select a representative sample (a small group of respondents) from a larger population (the total group of people) to answer questions about their attitudes, opinions, or behavior” (Kendall 2006:31).
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “survey” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- qualitative research
- quantitative research
- statistical analysis
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Cite the Definition of Survey
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “survey.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved June 5, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/survey/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
survey. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/survey/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “survey.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed June 5, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/survey/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“survey.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 5 Jun. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/survey/>.