Definition of Respondent
Examples of Respondent
- Citizens responding to an annual census.
- Students filling out course evaluations at the end of a semester.
- American English – /ri-spAHn-duhnt/
- British English – /ri-spOn-duhnt/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /riˈspɑnd(ə)nt/
- British English – /rᵻˈspɒnd(ə)nt/
- Plural: respondents
- The terms “respondent” and “informant” are often used interchangeably; however they are separate terms. Respondent connotes quantitative research and informant connotes qualitative research.
- A type of ascribed status and individual.
- A respondent (verb) responds with a (noun) response to questions and is a (noun) responder.
- “[R]esearchers frequently select a representative sample (a small group of respondents) from a larger population (the total group of people) to answer questions about their attitudes, opinions, or behavior” (Kendall 2006:31).
- Qualitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “respondent” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Morse, Janice M. 1991. “Subjects, Respondents, Informants, and Participants?” Qualitative Health Research 1(4):403–406. doi:10.1177/104973239100100401.
- qualitative research
- quantitative research
- statistical analysis
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “respondent.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 28, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/respondent/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
respondent. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/respondent/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “respondent.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 28, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/respondent/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“respondent.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 28 Jan. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/respondent/>.