(noun) A collection of recorded observations gained from research from which inferences are drawn through analysis.

Example: Fieldwork journals, interviews, or survey results.

Audio Pronunciation: (da·ta)

Download Audio Pronunciation: data.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Data is the plural form of datum (or data point), a single fact or observation.
  • Data is typically numeric or textual.
  • Data is typically collected on the individual or aggregate level. For example, individual data is a single person’s age or income, in contrast, aggregate data is the average age of all members of a household or the combined income of all members of a household.
  • Data used in a sentence: Sociologists collect data on numerous topics to understand social phenomena.

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