Definition of Consanguinity
Example of Consanguinity
- American English – /kahn-san-gwI-nuh-tee/
- British English – /kon-san-gwI-ni-tee/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English: /ˌkɑnˌsænˈɡwɪnətɪ/
- British English: /ˌkɒnsænˈgwɪnɪtɪ/
- Plural: consanguinities
- Two people with a consanguineal relationship are called consanguines. An example is a biological brother and sister.
- Collateral consanguinity refers to blood relatives who are not biologically descended from the same father or mother such as cousins, either cross-cousins or parallel cousins. Lineal consanguinity refers to blood relatives biologically descended from each other such as an individual’s biological father and mother. Collateral consanguinity and lineal consanguinity are typically used in law to determine the inheritance of property, who can testify in certain situations, and the legality of a marriage between two people to avoid incest.
- Kinship relationships based on descent are called consanguineal relations.
- A consanguineous marriage, marriage by two people closely related by blood, are illegal in many jurisdictions due to consanguinity laws.
- Lewis Henry Morgan’s (1818–1881) Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity in the Human Family (1871) and Claude Lévi-Strauss’ (1908–2009) The Elementary Structures of Kinship (1949), help establish the study of kinship as a distinct field of anthropology and sociology. Morgan and Lévi-Strauss among other kinship writers were critiqued by David M. Schneider (1918–1995) in American Kinship: A Cultural Account and A Critique of the Study of Kinship (1984). Schneider’s work reinvigorated the study of kinship.
- Affinity (related by marriage) is the opposite of consanguinity.
- A type of kinship.
- Also called:
- blood kinship
- blood relationship
- A biological brother and sister are (adverb) consanguineously related and have a (adjective) consanguineous or (adjective) consanguineal relationship.
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “consanguinity” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bittles, Alan H. 2012. Consanguinity in Context. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
- Hamamy, Hanan. 2012. “Consanguineous Marriages: Preconception Consultation in Primary Health Care Settings.” Journal of Community Genetics 3(3):185–92. doi:10.1007/s12687-011-0072-y
- Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1871. Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
- blended family
- conjugal family
- extended family
- family life cycle
- family of orientation
- family of procreation
- family planning
- nuclear family
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ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “consanguinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 20, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
consanguinity. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “consanguinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 20, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“consanguinity.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/>.