(noun) Literally, related by blood; a type of kinship from a common biological ancestor.
Example: A brother and sister born from the same father and mother.
Audio Pronunciation: (con·san·guin·i·ty)
Download Audio Pronunciation: consanguinity.mp3
- Plural: consanguinities
- Two people with a consanguineal relationship such as a biological brother and sister are called consanguines.
- Collateral consanguinity refers to blood relatives who are not biologically descended from each other such as cousins, either cross-cousins or parallel cousins and lineal consanguinity refers to blood relatives biologically descended from each other such an individual’s biological father and mother. Collateral consanguinity and lineal consanguinity are typically used in law to determine inheritance of property, who can testify in certain situations, and the legality of a marriage between two people to avoid incest.
- Kinship relationships based on descent are called consanguineal relations.
- Lewis Henry Morgan’s (1818–1881) Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity in the Human Family (1871) and Claude Lévi-Strauss’s (1908–2009) The Elementary Structures of Kinship (1949) help establish the study of kinship as a distinct field of anthropology and sociology. Morgan and Lévi-Strauss among other kinship writers were critiqued by David M. Schneider (1918–1995) in American Kinship: A Cultural Account and A Critique of the Study of Kinship (1984). Schneider ‘s work reinvigorated the study of kinship.
- Affinity (related by marriage) is the opposite of consanguinity.
- A type of kinship.
- Also called:
- blood kinship
- blood relationship
- Consanguinity used in a sentence: Bailey and Chris are first cousins are were not legally allowed to marry and form a consanguineous marriage due to consanguinity laws in most of the United States.
- A biological brother and sister are (adverb) consanguineously related and have a (adjective) consanguineous or (adjective) consanguineal relationship.
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “consanguinity” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bittles, A. H. 2012. Consanguinity in Context. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Hamamy H. 2012. “Consanguineous Marriages: Preconception Consultation in Primary Health Care Settings.” Journal of Community Genetics. 3 (3): 185-92.
- Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1871. Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
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How to Cite the Definition of Consanguinity
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “consanguinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 18, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
consanguinity. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “consanguinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 18, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“consanguinity.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 18 Jul. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/consanguinity/>.