Definition of Incest
Example of Incest
- American English – /In-sest/
- British English – /In-sest/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈɪnˌsɛst/
- British English – /ˈɪnsɛst/
- Plural: incests
- From the Latin word incestus, meaning impure or unchaste.
- Unlike many sexual crimes, age is irrelevant as an indicator of incest.
- Called the incest taboo, a prohibition against incest exists in all current societies but the particular relationships prohibited varies with place and time. The most commonly prohibited incestuous relationships are a child and a parent or two siblings.
- Type: adelphogamy
- Also called inbreeding.
- Sexual relations between a mother and son are (adjective) incestuous.
- “The source of much of the heat in the incest debate is the friction incident on rubbing two very different views of human nature against the same problem. The conventionalist view is that human beings are born with a few ‘basic drives,’ all of which are asocial if not antisocial and some of which are so dangerous they must be constrained. The rest of what humans are, and the larger part by far, is learned and thus varies from society to society—a view that is commonly taken to mean that utopia or something like it is possible. Constitutionalists, in contrast, are committed to the view that while human beings are far from complete at birth, they typically develop along lines laid out by an innate plan. The variation touted by conventionalists is largely ephemeral if not the result of distortion occasioned by abnormal circumstances. Most constitutionalists argue that if we were really as pliable as conventionalists claim, we would all be slaves molded to serve one master or another. Where conventionalists, optimistic on principle, pit their hope for the future on a pliable human nature, constitutionalists, typically pessimistic, allay their fears for the future by holding fast to the view that human nature is stubborn” (Wolf 2014:4).
- “Violation of taboos is punishable by the group or even, according to certain belief systems, by a supernatural force. The incest taboo which prohibits sexual or marital relations between certain categories of kin, is an example of a nearly universal taboo” (Kendall 2006:56).
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Sex and Gender Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “incest” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Arens, William. 1986. The Original Sin: Incest and its Meaning. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Bell, Vikki. 1993. Interrogating Incest: Feminism, Foucault and the Law. London: Routledge.
- Endsjø, Dag Øistein. 2011. Sex and Religion: Teachings and Taboos in the History of World Faiths. London: Reaktion.
- Forward, Susan, and Craig Buck. 1988. Betrayal of Innocence: Incest and its Devastation. New York: Penguin.
- Héritier, Françoise. 1999. Two Sisters and their Mother: The Anthropology of Incest. New York: Zone Books.
- Kuper, Adam. 2009. Incest & Influence: The Private Life of Bourgeois England. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Leavitt, Gregory C. 1990. “Sociobiological Explanations of Incest Avoidance: A Critical Review of Evidential Claims.” American Anthropologist 92(4):971–93. doi:10.1525/aa.1990.92.4.02a00070.
- Sumner, Colin, ed. 2004. The Blackwell Companion to Criminology. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
- Turner, Jonathan H., and Alexandra Maryanski. 2005. Incest: Origins of the Taboo. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
- Westerlund, Elaine. 1992. Women’s Sexuality after Childhood Incest. New York: Norton.
- Wolf, Arthur P., and William H. Durham, eds. 2005. Inbreeding, Incest, and the Incest Taboo: The State of Knowledge at the Turn of the Century. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wolf, Arthur P. 2014. Incest Avoidance and the Incest Taboos: Two Aspects of Human Nature. Stanford, CA: Stanford Briefs.
Amit, Vered, ed. 2004. Biographical Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. London: Routledge.
Bryant, Clifton D., and Dennis L. Peck, eds. 2007. 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Calhoun, Craig J., ed. 2002. Dictionary of the Social Sciences. New York: Oxford University Press.
Colman, Andrew M. 2009. A Dictionary of Psychology. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Gooch, Graham, and Michael Williams. 2007. A Dictionary of Law Enforcement. New York: Oxford University Press.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Last, John M, ed. 2007. A Dictionary of Public Health. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mann, Trischa, and Audrey Blunden. 2010. Australian Law Dictionary. South Melbourne, VIC, Australia: Oxford University Press.
Martin, Elizabeth, and Tanya A. McFerran, eds. 2014. A Dictionary of Nursing. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
McFarland, David. 2006. A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour. New York: Oxford University Press.
Roberts, John W. 2007, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stolley, Kathy S. 2005. The Basics of Sociology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “incest.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 4, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/incest/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
incest. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/incest/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “incest.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 4, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/incest/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“incest.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 4 Apr. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/incest/>.