Definition of Affinity
(noun) Kinship established by marriage.
Examples of Affinity
- American English – /uh-fIn-uh-tee/
- British English – /uh-fIn-i-tee/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /əˈfɪnᵻdi/
- British English – /əˈfɪnᵻti/
- Plural: affinities
- Lewis Henry Morgan’s (1818–1881) Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity in the Human Family (1871) and Claude Lévi-Strauss’ (1908–2009) The Elementary Structures of Kinship (1949) help establish the study of kinship as a distinct field of anthropology and sociology. Morgan and Lévi-Strauss among other kinship writers were critiqued by David M. Schneider (1918–1995) in American Kinship: A Cultural Account and A Critique of the Study of Kinship (1984). Schneider’s work reinvigorated the study of kinship.
- Kinship relationships based on marriage are called affinal relations and produce affinal kin.
- Some definitions of affinity include adoption.
- Affinity is the opposite of consanguinity.
- A male’s father-in-law and mother-in-law are (adjective) affinal or (adjective) affine or (adjective) affinitive relationships.
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “affinity” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- extended family
- family life cycle
- family of orientation
- family of procreation
- open marriage
Cite the Definition of Affinity
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “affinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 1, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/affinity/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
affinity. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/affinity/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “affinity.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 1, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/affinity/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“affinity.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 1 Apr. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/affinity/>.