Definition of Father
Examples of Father
- Barack Obama is the father of Malia and Sasha.
- Homer Simpson is the father of Lisa, Maggie, and Bart on The Simpsons.
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈfɑðər/
- British English – /ˈfɑːðə/
- Plural: fathers
- A father-in-law is a father by marriage (affinity) instead of blood (consanguinity); the father of your spouse.
- A single father (single-father) is a man raising children without a partner.
- A stepfather (step-father) is the non-birth father of an individual.
- A surrogate father sires a child for another individual.
- Misopaterism is the hatred of one’s father, patricide is killing one’s father; and filicide is killing one’s children.
- An individual’s biological father is called a genitor.
- The female equivalent of a father is a mother.
- The term (adjective) paternal means relating to an individual’s father. A paternal aunt, paternal uncle, paternal cousin, paternal grandfather, and paternal grandmother are relatives from your father’s side. Additionally, (noun) paternalism is treating an individual in a fatherly manner or (adverb) paternalistically.
- Informally called:
- old man
- Also called:
- male parent
- A father (verb) fathers a child by (verb) fathering during (noun) fatherhood and is (adjective) father-like or (adjective) fathery and (adverb) fatherly exhibits (noun) fatherliness.
- “Patriarchy literally means ‘rule of the fathers’ and comes from the Old Testament—all power was given to male elders. Today, its meaning is more general: male domination of all the major institutions of society including government, religion, education, the economy, the military and the media” (Kaufman and Kimmel 2011:112).
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “father” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Kaufman, Michael, and Michael S. Kimmel. 2011. The Guy’s Guide to Feminism. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press.
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2015. “father.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved November 16, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/father/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
father. (2015). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/father/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2015. “father.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed November 16, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/father/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“father.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2015. Web. 16 Nov. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/father/>.