David Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) was a French sociologist. Durkheim’s ideas along with those of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Max Weber (1864–1920) played a significant role in the development and growth of the social sciences. Durkheim formally established the academic discipline of sociology with his work Rules of the Sociological Method (1895), after setting up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux, he became France’s first professor of sociology.
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- Durkheimian means of or pertaining to Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).
- In 1897, Durkheim published Suicide, which examined statistics from over 25,000 suicides. He then categorized the suicides into four categories: altruistic suicide, anomic suicide, egotistic suicide and fatalistic suicide.
- “Durkheim argued that societies are built on social facts, that rapid social change produces strains in society, and that the loss of shared values and purposes can lead to a condition of anomie” (Kendall 2006:37).
- Durkheim, Émile. 1897. Suicide.
- Durkheim, Émile, and Mark Traugott. 1978. Emile Durkheim on Institutional Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Giddens, Anthony. 1979. Emile Durkheim. New York: Viking Press.
- Nisbet, Robert A. 1974. The Sociology of Emile Durkheim. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Marx, Karl
- mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity
- social science
- Weber, Max
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.