Émile Durkheim (1858–1917)

David Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) was a French sociologist. Durkheim’s ideas along with those of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Max Weber (1864–1920) played a significant role in the development and growth of the social sciences. Durkheim formally established the academic discipline of sociology with his work Rules of the Sociological Method (1895), after setting up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux, he became France’s first professor of sociology.

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Usage Notes:

  • Durkheimian means of or pertaining to Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).
  • In 1897, Durkheim published Suicide, which examined statistics from over 25,000 suicides. He then categorized the suicides into four categories: altruistic suicide, anomic suicide, egotistic suicide and fatalistic suicide.

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  • “Durkheim argued that societies are built on social facts, that rapid social change produces strains in society, and that the loss of shared values and purposes can lead to a condition of anomie” (Kendall 2006:37).

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How to Cite the Definition of Émile Durkheim

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Émile Durkheim.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 18, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Émile Durkheim. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Émile Durkheim.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 18, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“Émile Durkheim.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 18 Jul. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/>.