David Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) was a French sociologist. Durkheim’s ideas along with those of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Max Weber (1864–1920) played a significant role in the development and growth of the social sciences. Durkheim formally established the academic discipline of sociology with his work Rules of the Sociological Method (1895), after setting up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux, he became France’s first professor of sociology.
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- Durkheimian means of or pertaining to Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).
- In 1897, Durkheim published Suicide, which examined statistics from over 25,000 suicides. He then categorized the suicides into four categories: altruistic suicide, anomic suicide, egotistic suicide and fatalistic suicide.
- “Durkheim argued that societies are built on social facts, that rapid social change produces strains in society, and that the loss of shared values and purposes can lead to a condition of anomie” (Kendall 2006:37).
- Durkheim, Émile. 1897. Suicide.
- Durkheim, Émile, and Mark Traugott. 1978. Emile Durkheim on Institutional Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Giddens, Anthony. 1979. Emile Durkheim. New York: Viking Press.
- Nisbet, Robert A. 1974. The Sociology of Emile Durkheim. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Marx, Karl
- mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity
- social science
- Weber, Max
How to Cite the Definition of Émile Durkheim
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Émile Durkheim.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved May 19, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Émile Durkheim. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Émile Durkheim.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed May 19, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“Émile Durkheim.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 May. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/emile-durkheim/>.