Example: Children are socialized by their parents who teach them acceptable behaviors in certain social situations such as not talking in movies and respecting their elders.
Audio Pronunciation: (so·cial·i·za·tion)
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- Plural: socializations
- Socialization typically relates to children, but socialization is continual as an individual or group adapts to other individuals or groups, roles, and situations.
- Socialization can be intentional (anticipatory socialization) or unintentional and formal or informal.
- Agents of socialization include family, mass media, peer groups, and schools.
- Socialization is similar to enculturalization. The distinction between the two is socialization is learning societal norms, and enculturalization is learning cultural norms; however, neither process occurs independent of the other. Socialization typically refers to children and is formal or deliberate, enculturalization typically refers to “people” in general and is informal.
- Some sources list acculturation, enculturation, and socialization as synonyms, while these terms are similar and easily confused, they are not synonyms in an academic context.
- Variant form: socialisation
- People (verb) socialize themselves and others by (verb) socializing with other (noun) socializers in order to become (noun) socialized.
- Socialization used in a sentence: Children begin the process of socialization the day they are born.
- “The kind of person we become depends greatly on what we learn during our formative years from our surrounding social groups and social environment” (Kendall 2006:105).
- Word origin of “socialization” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1997. Dinner Talk: Cultural Patterns of Sociability and Socialization in Family Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Brown, Claude. 1965. Manchild in the Promised Land. New York. Macmillan.
- Chari, Sharad, and Stuart Corbridge, eds. 2008. The Development Reader. London: Routledge.
- Cherry, Andrew L. 1994. The Socializing Instincts: Individual, Family, and Social Bonds. Westport, CT: Praeger.
- Denzin, N. K. 2010. Childhood Socialization. 2nd ed. New York: Transaction.
- DuRocher, Kristina. 2011. Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
- Flanagan, Cara. 1999. Early Socialisation: Sociability and Attachment. London: Routledge.
- Grusec, Joan E., and Paul D. Hastings, eds. 2016. Handbook of Socialization: Theory and Research. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press.
- Jackson, David J. 2009. Entertainment & Politics: The Influence of Pop Culture on Young Adult Political Socialization. 2nd ed. New York: Peter Lang.
- Maynard, Ashley E., And Mary I. Martini, eds. 2005. Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. New York: Springer.
- Mennesson, C. 2009. “Being a Man in Dance: Socialization Modes and Gender Identities.” Sport in Society 12(2):174–95. doi:10.1080/17430430802590979.
- Owens, Timothy J., and Richard Settersten, Jr., eds. 2002. New Frontiers in Socialization. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
- Rogoff, Barbara. 2003. The Cultural Nature of Human Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Roopnarine, Jaipaul L., and D. Bruce Carter. 1992. Parent-Child Socialization in Diverse Cultures. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
- Schaffer, Rudolph. 1995. Early Socialization. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society.
- Wrong, Dennis H. 1961. “The Over-Socialized Conception of Man in Modern Sociology.” American Sociological Review 26(2):183–93. doi:10.2307/2089854.
- Yawkey, Thomas D., and James E. Johnson, eds. 1988. Integrative Processes and Socialization: Early to Middle Childhood. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
- cultural contact
- social acceptance
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How to Cite the Definition of Socialization
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “socialization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 19, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/socialization/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
socialization. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/socialization/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “socialization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 19, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/socialization/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“socialization.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/socialization/>.