(noun) Any of the branch of science that systematically studies the social world, investigating how humans interact with each other and change over time.
- IPA Pronunciation
- American English
- /ˈsoʊʃ(ə)l ˈsaɪəns/
- British English
- /ˈsəʊʃl ˈsʌɪəns/
- American English
- Syllabification: (so·cial sci·ence)
- Plural: social sciences
- The natural sciences study the physical world, as opposed to the social world.
- “The discourse of sociology and the concepts, theories, and findings of the other social sciences continually ‘circulate in and out’ of what it is that they are about. In so doing they reflexively restructure their subject matter, which itself has learned to think sociologically. Modernity is itself deeply and intrinsically sociological” (Giddens 1991:43).
Giddens, Anthony. 1991. The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
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Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) Routledge Handbooks Online. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Wiley. (N.d.) Wiley Online Library. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “social science.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved September 21, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/social-science/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
social science. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/social-science/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “social science.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed September 21, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/social-science/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“social science.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 21 Sep. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/social-science/>.