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Marx, Karl (1818–1883)

Karl Heinrich Marx (1818–1883), a German philosopher, political economist, and journalist. Marx explored the idea that society and history are shaped by economic conflict, leading to the development of Marxism. Specifically, Marx contended that class conflict between the bourgeoisie (owners of the means of production) and proletariat (wage earners) shaped society. Two of his most notable works are The Communist Manifesto (1848), written with Friedrich Engels, which systematically outlined of the political doctrine of communism and Das Kapital (1867), which critiqued capitalism.

Karl Marx Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: karl marx

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /kɑrl mɑrks/
  • British English – /kɑːl mɑːks/

Usage Note

Works by Marx

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Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2008. Sociology: The Core. 8th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Poulantzas, Nicos. 1973. “On Social Classes.” New Left Review 78.

Cite the Definition of Karl Marx

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Karl Marx (1818–1883).” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 18, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/karl-marx/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Karl Marx (1818–1883). (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/karl-marx/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Karl Marx (1818–1883).” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 18, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/karl-marx/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“Karl Marx (1818–1883).” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 18 Jul. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/karl-marx/>.