Definition of Industrialism
(noun) A socioeconomic system based on the development of large-scale industries, particularly inexpensive manufactured goods and mechanized food production concentrated in urban areas.
- American English – /in-dUH-stree-uh-liz-uhm/
- British English – /in-dUH-striuh-li-zuhm/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ᵻnˈdəstriəˌlɪz(ə)m/
- British English – /ɪnˈdʌstrɪəlɪz(ə)m/
- Plural: industrialisms
- Industrialism is a primary subsistence strategy, others include:
- Also called industrialization (industrialisation).
- “Capitalist production requires exchange relations, commodities, and money, but its differentia specified is the purchase and sale of labour power. For this purpose, three basic conditions must become generalized throughout society. First, workers are separated from the means with which production is carried on, and can gain access to them only by selling their labour power to others. Second, workers are freed of legal constraints, such as serfdom or slavery, that prevent them from disposing of their own labour power. Third, the purpose of the employment of the worker becomes the expansion of a unit of capital belonging to the employer, who is thus functioning as a capitalist. The labour process therefore begins with a contract or agreement governing the conditions of the sale of labour power by the worker and its purchase by the employer. It is important to take note of the historical character of this phenomenon. While the purchase and sale of labour power has existed from antiquity, a substantial class of wage-workers did not begin to form in Europe until the fourteenth century, and did not become numerically significant until the rise of industrial capitalism (that is the production of commodities on a capitalist basis, as against mercantile capitalism, which merely exchanged the surplus products of prior forms of production) in the eighteenth century” (Braverman 1974:52).
- Food and Agriculture Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “industrialism” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Casey, Catherine. 1995. Work, Self, and Society: After Industrialism. London: Routledge.
- Cochran, Thomas C. 1981. Frontiers of Change: Early Industrialism in America. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Esping-Andersen, Gøsta, ed. 1993. Changing Classes: Stratification and Mobility in Post-industrial Societies. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Hays, Samuel P. 1995. The Response to Industrialism: 1885–1914. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Jaher, Frederic Cople. 1968. The Age of Industrialism in America: Essays in Social Structure and Cultural Values. New York: Free Press.
- Lee, David J., and Bryan S. Turner. 1996. Conflicts about Class: Debating Inequality in Late Industrialism: A Selection of Readings. London: Longman.
- McLaughlin, Andrew. 1993. Regarding Nature: Industrialism and Deep Ecology. New York: State University of New York Press.
- cultural ecology
- cultural environment
- hunting and gathering
- physical environment
- slash and burn
- subsistence strategy
Braverman, Harry. 1974. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “industrialism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved February 19, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/industrialism/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
industrialism. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/industrialism/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “industrialism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed February 19, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/industrialism/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“industrialism.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/industrialism/>.