(noun) The study of organisms (i.e., animals, humans, and plants) and their interactions with each other and their natural environment.
Example: Urban ecology, which uses the principles of ecology to study urban (city) environments such as how socioeconomic factors affect where people live and their health.
Audio Pronunciation: (e·col·o·gy)
Download Audio Pronunciation: ecology.mp3
- Plural: ecologies
- Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haekel (1834–1919) is credited with coining the term in Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (1866).
- An (noun) ecologist studies (adjective) ecologic or (adjective) ecological topics (adverb) ecologically.
- Ecological and Environmental Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “ecology” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- cultural ecology
- cultural environment
- hunting and gathering
- physical environment
- slash and burn
- subsistence strategy
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Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
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Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
How to Cite the Definition of Ecology
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “ecology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 21, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
ecology. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “ecology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 21, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“ecology.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 21 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/>.