Definition of Ecology
(noun) The study of organisms (i.e., animals, humans, and plants) and their interactions with each other and their natural environment.
Example of Ecology
- Urban ecology, which uses the principles of ecology to study urban (city) environments, such as how socioeconomic factors affect where people live and their health.
Etymology of Ecology
- Term typically credited to Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (1834–1919) in Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (1866).
- American English – /i-kAHl-uh-jee/
- British English – /i-kOl-uh-jee/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /iˈkɑləʤi/
- British English – /ɪˈkɒləʤi/
- Plural: ecologies
- An (noun) ecologist studies (adjective) ecologic or (adjective) ecological topics (adverb) ecologically.
- Ecological and Environmental Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Food and Agriculture Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “ecology” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- cultural ecology
- cultural environment
- hunting and gathering
- physical environment
- slash and burn
- subsistence strategy
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Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “ecology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved September 26, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
ecology. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “ecology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed September 26, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“ecology.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 26 Sep. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/ecology/>.