Example: People are typically expected to refrain from stealing from others and to wear clothes in public places.
Audio Pronunciation: (norm)
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- The terms norm and social norm are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- Norms can be formal or informal and visible and invisible.
- Norms are learned through socialization and enforced through negative or positive sanctions.
- Dahrendorf, Ralf. 1959. Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Gibbs, Jack P. 1965. “Norms: The Problem of Definition and Classification.” American Journal of Sociology 70(5):586–94.
- Lockwood, David. 1992. Solidarity and Schism: ‘The Problem of Disorder’ in Durkheimian and Marxist Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. New York: The Free Press.
- Rex, John. 1961. Key Problems of Sociological Theory. London: Routledge & Kegan.
- Sumner, William Graham. 1906. Folkways: A Study of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores, and Morals.
- Therborn, Goran. 2002. “Back to Norms! On the Scope and Dynamics of Norms and Normative Action.” Current Sociology. 50(6): 863-880.