(noun) A reward for conforming to established norms.
- When a student receives an award for academic achievement.
- At a football game, when a crowd cheers upon one team scoring against the other.
Audio Pronunciation: (pos·i·tive sanc·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: positive sanction.mp3
- Plural: positive sanctions
- The terms positive sanction and positive social sanction are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- Sociologists study four primary types of sanctions: formal sanctions, informal sanctions, negative sanctions, and positive sanctions.
- Word origin of “positive” and “sanction” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Burk, James, ed. 1991. Morris Janowitz: On Social Organization and Social Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- LaPiere, Richard T. 1954. A Theory of Social Control. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Melossi, Dario. 1998. The Sociology of Punishment: Socio-structural Perspectives. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.
- Park, Robert Ezra, and Ralph H. Turner. 1967. On Social Control and Collective Behavior: Selected Papers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
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How to Cite the Definition of Positive Sanction
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “positive sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 14, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/positive-sanction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
positive sanction. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/positive-sanction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “positive sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 14, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/positive-sanction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“positive sanction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/positive-sanction/>.