Definition of Hidden Curriculum
(noun) Informal, unintended, and unwritten non-academic knowledge gained from peers.
Hidden Curriculum Pronunciation
Syllabification: hid·den cur·ric·u·lum
- American English – /hId-n kuhr-rIk-yuh-luhm/
- British English – /hIdn kuh-rIk-yu-luhm/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈhɪdən kəˈrɪkjələm/
- British English – /ˈhɪdn kəˈrɪkjʊləm/
- Plural: hidden curricula
- Hidden curriculum has such an impact because education is a primary agent of socialization.
- “Second to the family, the school acts as a powerful agent of socialization. It is the first formal agency charged with the task of socializing children and represents the first link to the wider world. In school, children must learn not only basic skills needed in the society but also the hidden curriculum of how to cope successfully in a competitive environment. American schools have often been hotbeds of controversy (school prayer, standards, teacher performance, common core, etc.), probably because they are recognized as being such important socializing agents. Schools are also used as socialization agents for the labor market. In that function, they are expected to teach manners, respect for authority, and the development of basic social skills. At the same time, schools manage to stress certain cultural values (such as competition) and disseminate the idea that the society of which students are a part is superior to others. This is the hidden curriculum that schools impart above and beyond basic skills” (Perry and Perry 2016:92–93).
- Word origin of “hidden” and “curriculum” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Hargreaves, D. H. 1978. “Power and the Paracurriculum.” Pp. 97–108 in Power and the Curriculum: Issues in Curriculum Studies, edited by C. Richards. Driffield, England: Nafferton.
- Henry, Jules. 1965. Culture Against Man. New York: Random House.
- Hinton, S. E.  2007. The Outsiders. 40th Anniversary ed. New York: Viking.
- Jackson, Phillip W. 1968. Life in Classrooms. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
- Popular Press and Blogs:
- anticipatory socialization
- cultural capital
- formal education
- grade inflation
- informal education
- No Child Left Behind Act
- youth culture
Perry, John A., and Erna K. Perry. 2016. Contemporary Society: An Introduction to Social Science. New York: Routledge.
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Brym, Robert J., and John Lie. 2007. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011a. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011b. Sociology: A Global Perspective. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Stolley, Kathy S. 2005. The Basics of Sociology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: Dorling Kindersley.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “hidden curriculum.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 19, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/hidden-curriculum/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
hidden curriculum. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/hidden-curriculum/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “hidden curriculum.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 19, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/hidden-curriculum/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“hidden curriculum.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 Oct. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/hidden-curriculum/>.