Definition of Taboo
Examples of Taboo
- bestiality: Having sex with animals.
- cannibalism: Eating human flesh.
- incest: Having sex with a family member.
- infanticide: Killing a child, particularly an infant.
- Edward Evans “E. E.” Evans-Prichard (1902–1973)
- James George Frazer (1854–1941)
- Charles Arnold van Gennep (1873–1957)
- Marvin Harris (1927–2001)
- Lester “Les” Richard Hiatt (1931–2008)
- Roger Martin Keesing (1935–1993)
- Edmund Ronald Leach (1910–1989)
- Franz Baermann Steiner (1909–1952)
- American English – /tuh-bOO/
- British English – /tuh-bOO/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /təˈbu/
- British English – /təˈbuː/
- Plural: taboos
- A taboo topic is a subject that you generally do not discuss with certain people. Politics, religion, and sex are considered by some to be taboo topics in polite conversation.
- A taboo behavior is a behavior deemed inappropriate by a society or culture. Homosexuality and sex outside of marriage are both taboo behavior in some societies or cultures.
- Type: incest taboo
- Variant spelling: tabu
- “It is taboo in most of the world to disturb the remains of deceased ancestors except under the most limited of circumstances. Nevertheless, cemeteries are sometimes subject to disturbance. Historically, destruction of burial sites has often been the first act of dominion a conqueror imposes on the vanquished precisely because of its demoralizing effect on the local population. To desecrate means to treat contemptuously, often in a way that demeans for the progeny the importance or values of their ancestor’s remains and the sacred sites of disposal” (Davidson 2003:448).
- “Since mores . . . are based on cultural values and considered to be crucial to the well-being of the group, violators are subject to more severe negative sanctions (such as ridicule, loss of employment, or imprisonment) than are those that fail to adhere to folkways. The strongest mores are referred to as taboos” (Kendall 2006:56).
- “There is reliable evidence that suicide was present in most primitive tribes around the world, almost always associated with evil spirits, revenge, and unappeased anger. These attitudes in the form of superstitions and fears of magic found their way into Christianity as taboos that have persisted to this day. Attitudes toward suicide, however, have shown great variability depending on the culture and the part of the world. In primitive societies suicide was variously used as a means to exact vengeance, as a way of placing responsibility for the death on the person who had supposedly caused it, and as a way of embarrassing an adversary” (Farberow 2003:796).
- “Violation of taboos is punishable by the group or even, according to certain belief system, by a supernatural force. The incest taboo which prohibits sexual or marital relations between certain categories of kin, is an example of a nearly universal taboo” (Kendall 2006:56).
- Word origin of “taboo” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Douglas, Mary. 1966. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. New York: Praeger.
- Harris, Marvin. 1985. Good to Eat: Riddles of Food and Culture. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Davidson, Glen W. 2003. “How Death Came Into the World: Human Remains.” Pp. 448–49 in Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, edited by R. Kastenbaum. New York: Macmillan Reference USA.
Farberow, Norman L. 2003. “Suicide Basics: History.” Pp. 795–800 in Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, edited by R. Kastenbaum. New York: Macmillan Reference USA.
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
Amit, Vered, ed. 2004. Biographical Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. London: Routledge.
Andersen, Margaret L., and Howard Francis Taylor. 2011. Sociology: The Essentials. 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Bryant, Clifton D., and Dennis L. Peck, eds. 2007. 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Brym, Robert J., and John Lie. 2007. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.
Stolley, Kathy S. 2005. The Basics of Sociology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “taboo.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 24, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/taboo/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
taboo. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/taboo/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “taboo.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 24, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/taboo/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“taboo.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/taboo/>.