Definition of Negative Sanction
(noun) A punishment for breaking an established norm.
Example of Negative Sanction
- Getting a traffic ticket for speeding.
Negative Sanction Pronunciation
Syllabification: neg·a·tive sanc·tion
- American English – /nEgUH-tiv sAngkshUHn/
- British English – /nEgUH-tiv sAngkshUHn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈnɛgətɪv ˈsæŋkʃən/
- British English – /ˈnɛgətɪv ˈsæŋkʃən/
- Plural: negative sanctions
- The terms “negative sanction” and “negative social sanction” are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- Negative sanctions range on a continuum from judgemental looks and mild disapproval, to life imprisonment or the death penalty.
- Sociologists study four primary types of sanctions:
- “Since mores . . . are based on cultural values and considered to be crucial to the well-being of the group, violators are subject to more severe negative sanctions (such as ridicule, loss of employment, or imprisonment) than are those that fail to adhere to folkways. The strongest mores are referred to as taboos” (Kendall 2006:56).
- Word origin of “negative” and “sanction” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Janowitz, Morris, and James Burk. 1991. On Social Organization and Social Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- LaPiere, Richard T. 1954. A Theory of Social Control. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Melossi, Dario. 1998. The Sociology of Punishment: Socio-structural Perspectives. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.
- Park, Robert Ezra, and Ralph H. Turner. 1967. On Social Control and Collective Behavior: Selected Papers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011a. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011b. Sociology: A Global Perspective. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “negative sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 22, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/negative-sanction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
negative sanction. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/negative-sanction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “negative sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 22, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/negative-sanction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“negative sanction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/negative-sanction/>.