(noun) A theory arguing that individuals and their lives are affected, defined, or determined by the statuses they hold in relation to the contexts they are in.
Example: A working class woman faces gender and economic discrimination and a working class woman of color faces economic, gender, and racial discrimination.
Audio Pronunciation: (in·ter·sec·tion·al·ity)
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- Plural: intersectionalities
- Theory developed by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989. Originally a feminist theory for explaining how different axes of social, biological, and cultural categories intersect in the lives of individuals and the difficulties of understanding one axis in isolation without looking at others and how they affect each other.
- Also called:
- cumulative disadvantage
- intersection theory
- multiple jeopardy
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- Berger, Michele Tracy, and Kathleen Guidroz, eds. 2009. The Intersectional Approach: Transforming the Academy through Race, Class, and Gender. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
- Crenshaw, Kimberlé W. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43(6):1241–99. doi:10.2307/1229039.
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- Lykke, N. 2011. “Intersectional Invisibility: Inquiries into a Concept of Intersectionality Studies.” Pp. 207–20 in Framing Intersectionality: Debates on a Multi-Faceted Concept in Gender Studies, edited by H. Lutz, M. T. H. Vivar, and L. Supik. Farnham: Ashgate.
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How to Cite the Definition of Intersectionality
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “intersectionality.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved May 20, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/intersectionality/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
intersectionality. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/intersectionality/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “intersectionality.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed May 20, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/intersectionality/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“intersectionality.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 20 May. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/intersectionality/>.