(noun) A sanction that is not enforced or punished by an authority but that occurs in everyday interactions with other people.
Example: When one patron asks another patron to lower their voice in a movie theater.
Audio Pronunciation: (in·for·mal sanc·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: informal sanction.mp3
- Plural: informal sanctions
- The terms informal sanction and informal social sanction are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- Sociologists study four primary types of sanctions: formal sanctions, informal sanctions, negative sanctions, and positive sanctions.
- “Informal sanctions are not clearly defined and can be applied by any member of a group (such as frowning at someone or making a a negative comment or gesture” (Kendall 2006:56).
- Word origin of “informal” and “sanction” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Burk, James, ed. 1991. Morris, Janowitz: On Social Organization and Social Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- LaPiere, Richard T. 1954. A Theory of Social Control. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Melossi, Dario. 1998. The Sociology of Punishment: Socio-structural Perspectives. Aldershot, Hants, United Kingdom: Ashgate/Dartmouth.
- Park, Robert Ezra, and Ralph H. Turner. 1967. On Social Control and Collective Behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
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Ferrante, Joan. 2011a. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011b. Sociology: A Global Perspective. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
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Janssen, Sarah, ed. 2015. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2015. New York: World Almanac Books.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
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Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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How to Cite the Definition of Informal Sanction
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “informal sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved March 26, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/informal-sanction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
informal sanction. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/informal-sanction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “informal sanction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/informal-sanction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“informal sanction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/informal-sanction/>.