Example: The control group was given a placebo pill while the treatment group was given the medication being tested.
Audio Pronunciation: (con·trol group)
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- Plural: control groups
- Typically, experiments require an experimental group (exposed to independent variable) and a control group (not exposed to independent variable).
- Control group used in a sentence: My statistics teacher separated our class into two groups to test different study methods. My group was the control group and the other the experimental group.
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “control” and “group” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- dependent variable
- random sample
- spurious correlation
- statistical analysis
Contributor: C. E. Seaman
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How to Cite the Definition of Control Group
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “control group.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Retrieved March 24, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/control-group/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Seaman, C. E. (2015). control group. In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/control-group/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “control group.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Accessed March 24, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/control-group/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
Seaman, C. E. “control group.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2015. Web. 24 Mar. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/control-group/>.