(noun) A procedure typically used to confirm the validity of a hypothesis by comparing the outcomes of one or more treatment groups to a control group on a given measure.
- Milgram Experiment by Stanley Milgram (1933–1984)
- Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) by Philip George Zimbardo (1933)
Audio Pronunciation: (ex·per·i·ment)
Download Audio Pronunciation: experiment.mp3
- Plural: experiments
- An (noun) experimenter (verb) experiments (adverb) to create (adjective) experimental data.
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “experiment” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Contributor: C. E. Seaman
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Fioramonti, Lorenzo. 2014. How Numbers Rule the World: The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics. London: Zed Books.
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Salkind, Neil J., ed. 2007. Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
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How to Cite the Definition of Experiment
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “experiment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Retrieved January 23, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Seaman, C. E. (2015). experiment. In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “experiment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
Seaman, C. E. “experiment.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2015. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/>.