Definition of Experiment
(noun) A procedure typically used to confirm the validity of a hypothesis by comparing the outcomes of one or more treatment groups to a control group on a given measure.
Examples of Experiment
- Milgram Experiment by Stanley Milgram (1933–1984)
- Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) by Philip George Zimbardo (1933)
- IPA Pronunciation
- Syllabification: (ex·per·i·ment)
- Plural: experiments
- An (noun) experimenter (verb) experiments (adverb) to create (adjective) experimental data.
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “experiment” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- control group
- cross-sectional analysis
- empirical evidence
Contributor: C. E. Seaman
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Fioramonti, Lorenzo. 2014. How Numbers Rule the World: The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics. London: Zed Books.
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Larson, Ron, and Elizabeth Farber. 2015. Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World. 6th ed. Boston: Pearson.
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Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Salkind, Neil J., ed. 2007. Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) Routledge Handbooks Online. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).
Weinstein, Jay A. 2010. Applying Social Statistics: An Introduction to Quantitative Reasoning in Sociology. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
Wiley. (N.d.) Wiley Online Library. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “experiment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Retrieved August 21, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Seaman, C. E. (2015). experiment. In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Seaman, C. E. 2015. “experiment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary, edited by Kenton Bell. Accessed August 21, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
Seaman, C. E. “experiment.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2015. Web. 21 Aug. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/experiment/>.