(noun) A procedure typically used to confirm the validity of a hypothesis by comparing the outcomes of one or more treatment groups to a control group on a given measure.

Example: Milgram Experiment by Stanley Milgram (1933–1984) or Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) by Philip George Zimbardo (1933).

Audio Pronunciation: (ex·per·i·ment)

Download Audio Pronunciation: experiment.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: experiments
  • An (nounexperimenter (verb) experiments (adverb) to create (adjective) experimental data.

Related Quotations:

  • “Experiments are designed to create ‘real-life’ situations, ideally under controlled circumstances, in which the influence of different variables can be modified and measured” (Kendall 2006:34).

Related Terms: 



Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.