1. (noun) The object, typically an individual or group observed in an experiment or social scene.
Example: The people in a classroom when studying the learning habits of university Seniors.
2. (noun) A specialized field of knowledge.
3. (noun) What is being studied or discussed.
Example: Marxism in an introductory sociology class or the topic of a conversation among sociology students before a class begins.
Audio Pronunciation: (sub·ject)
Download Audio Pronunciation: subject.mp3
- Plural: subjects
- The term subject is often used interchangeably with individual or person in sociological writing, particularly theory.
- Also called:
- Sense 1
- Sense 2
- field of study
- subject area
- subject field
- Sense 3
- subject matter
- Sense 1
- Word origin of “subject” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Cavell, Marcia. 2006. Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis. Oxford: Clarendon.
- Herrick, Jim. 2005. Humanism: An Introduction. Amherst, NY: Prometheus.
- Miller, Toby. 1993. The Well-Tempered Self: Citizenship, Culture, and the Postmodern Subject. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Žižek, Slavoj. 1999. The Ticklish Subject: The Absent Centre of Political Ontology. London: Verso.
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Giddens, Anthony. 1991. The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Spradley, James P., and David W. McCurdy. 2008. Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology. 13th ed. Boston: Pearson Education.
How to Cite the Definition of Subject
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “subject.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved June 16, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/subject/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
subject. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/subject/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “subject.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/subject/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“subject.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 16 Jun. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/subject/>.