(noun) The principle that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts and a part cannot be understood independent of the whole.
Audio Pronunciation: (ho·lism)
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- Holism is more common in the social sciences than the natural sciences.
- Reductionism is the opposite of holism.
- Research methods are often viewed as holistic (qualitative) or reductionistic (quantitative).
- Variant form: wholism
- Also called holistic theory.
- A (noun) holist views society (adverb) holistically from a (adjective) holistic perspective.
- Word origin of “holism” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Descombes, Vincent. 2014. The Institutions of Meaning: A Defense of Anthropological Holism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
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How to Cite the Definition of Holism
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “holism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved March 26, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/holism/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
holism. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/holism/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “holism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/holism/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“holism.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 26 Mar. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/holism/>.