holism

(noun) The principle that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts and a part cannot be understood independent of the whole.

Audio Pronunciation: (ho·lism)

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Usage Notes:

  • Holism is more common in the social sciences than the natural sciences.
  • Reductionism is the opposite of holism.
  • Research methods are often viewed as holistic (qualitative) or reductionistic (quantitative).
  • Variant form: wholism
  • Also called holistic theory.
  • A (noun) holist views society (adverb) holistically from a (adjective) holistic perspective.

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Works Consulted

Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.

Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).

Harper, Douglas. (N.d.) Online Etymology Dictionary. (http://www.etymonline.com/).

Hoad, T. F., ed. 1996. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Janssen, Sarah, ed. 2015. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2015. New York: World Almanac Books.

Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.

Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).

Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).

Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.

Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).

 

How to Cite the Definition of Holism

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “holism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 12, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/holism/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

holism. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/holism/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “holism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 12, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/holism/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“holism.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/holism/>.