Definition of Secularization
Examples of Secularization
- American English – /sek-yuh-luhr-ruh-zAY-shuhn/
- British English – /se-kyu-luh-rie-zAY-shuhn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English: /sɛkjəlɚɹəˈzeɪʃən/
- British English: /ˌsekjʊləɹaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
- Plural: secularizations
- Secularization can be understood as the movement from the ecclesiastical to the civil.
- Variant spelling: secularisation
- The sociology of religion studies secularization to understand societal shifts in norms caused by change.
- A (noun) secularist advocates for society to (verb) secularize by (verb) secularizing and to become more (adjective) secularized.
- “Such a society is small, isolated, non-literate and homogeneous, with a strong sense of group solidarity. The ways of living are conventionalized into the coherent system which we call ‘a culture‘. Behavior is traditional, spontaneous, uncritical and personal: there is no legislation or habit of experiment and reflection for intellectual ends. Kinship, its relations and institutions, are the type categories of experience and the familial group is the unit of action. The sacred prevails over the secular; the economy is one of status rather than the market” (Redfield 1947:293).
- Religion Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “secularization” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bellah, Robert N. 1967. “Civil Religion in America.” Daedalus 134(4):40–55. doi:10.1162/001152605774431464.
- Bruce, Steve. 2002. God is Dead: Secularization in the West. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Pecora, Vincent P. 2006. Secularization and Cultural Criticism: Religion, Nation, and Modernity. Chicago: University of Chicago.
- Swatos, William H., and Daniel V. A. Olson. 2000. The Secularization Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield/Association for the Sociology of Religion.
- belief system
- established sect
- personified supernatural force
Bilton, Tony, Kevin Bonnett, Pip Jones, David Skinner, Michelle Stanworth, and Andrew Webster. 1996. Introductory Sociology. 3rd ed. London: Macmillan.
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Clarke, Alan. 2010. The Sociology of Healthcare. 2nd ed. Harlow, England: Longman.
Dillon, Michele. 2014. Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-first Century. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Encyclopædia Britannica. (N.d.) Britannica Digital Learning. (https://britannicalearn.com/).
Ferrante, Joan. 2011a. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011b. Sociology: A Global Perspective. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
O’Leary, Zina. 2007. The Social Science Jargon Buster: The Key Terms You Need to Know. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) Routledge Handbooks Online. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).
Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: Dorling Kindersley.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “secularization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 20, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
secularization. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “secularization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 20, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“secularization.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/>.