Definition of Secularization
Examples of Secularization
- American English – /sek-yuh-luhr-ruh-zAY-shuhn/
- British English – /se-kyu-luh-rie-zAY-shuhn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English: /sɛkjəlɚɹəˈzeɪʃən/
- British English: /ˌsekjʊləɹaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/
- Plural: secularizations
- Secularization can be understood as the movement from the ecclesiastical to the civil.
- Variant spelling: secularisation
- The sociology of religion studies secularization to understand societal shifts in norms caused by change.
- A (noun) secularist advocates for society to (verb) secularize by (verb) secularizing and to become more (adjective) secularized.
- “Such a society is small, isolated, non-literate and homogeneous, with a strong sense of group solidarity. The ways of living are conventionalized into the coherent system which we call ‘a culture‘. Behavior is traditional, spontaneous, uncritical and personal: there is no legislation or habit of experiment and reflection for intellectual ends. Kinship, its relations and institutions, are the type categories of experience and the familial group is the unit of action. The sacred prevails over the secular; the economy is one of status rather than the market” (Redfield 1947:293).
- Religion Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “secularization” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bellah, Robert N. 1967. “Civil Religion in America.” Daedalus 134(4):40–55. doi:10.1162/001152605774431464.
- Bruce, Steve. 2002. God is Dead: Secularization in the West. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Pecora, Vincent P. 2006. Secularization and Cultural Criticism: Religion, Nation, and Modernity. Chicago: University of Chicago.
- Swatos, William H., and Daniel V. A. Olson. 2000. The Secularization Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield/Association for the Sociology of Religion.
- belief system
- established sect
- personified supernatural force
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ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “secularization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved September 29, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
secularization. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “secularization.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed September 29, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“secularization.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 29 Sep. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/secularization/>.