- Castroism – Fidel Castro (1926), Cuba
- Leninism(also called Marxism-Leninism) – Vladmir Lenin (1870–1924), Russia
- Maoism – Mao Zedong (1893–1976), China
- Marxism – Karl Marx (1818–1883), Germany
- Trotskyism – Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), Russia
Audio Pronunciation: (com·mu·nism)
Download Audio Pronunciation: communism.mp3
- Plural: communisms
- Communism is often compare and contrasted to other economic systems such as capitalism and socialism.
- Also called state monopoly capitalism.
- A (noun) communist advocates for communism.
- “Though Marx is often identified with the communist revolutions and social governments that appeared in many nations in the 20th century, Marx actually had little to say about communism or socialism. Marx was a utopian who centered his attention on capitalism and its internal dynamics, assuming that when socialism replaced capitalism many of world’s problems would disappear” (Hughes and Kroehler 2008:12).
- Alexander, Robert J. 1973. Trotskyism in Latin America. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University.
- Callinicos, Alex. 1990. Trotskyism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
- Harding, Neil. 1996. Leninism. London: Macmillan press.
- Heilbroner, Robert L. 1980. Marxism: For and Against. New York: Norton.
- Lane, David Stuart. 1981. Leninism: A Sociological Interpretation. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
- Llerena, Mario. 1978. The Unsuspected Revolution: The Birth and Rise of Castroism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
- Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist manifesto.
- Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. Das Kapital: A Critique of Political Economy.
- Meisner, Maurice J. 1982. Marxism, Maoism, and Utopianism: Eight Essays. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
- Sowell, Thomas. 1985. Marxism: Philosophy and Economics. New York: Morrow.
- Suarez, Andrés. 1967. Cuba: Castroism and Communism, 1959-1966. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press
- Trotsky, Leon. The History of the Russian Revolution.
- Wylie, Raymond Finlay. 1980. The Emergence of Maoism: Mao Tse-tung, Ch’en Po-ta, and the Search for Chinese Theory, 1935-1945. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Durkheim, Emile
- mode of production
- relations to production
- social movement
- Marx, Karl
- Weber, Max
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How to Cite the Definition of Communism
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “communism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 23, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/communism/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
communism. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/communism/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “communism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/communism/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“communism.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/communism/>.