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mode of production

Definition of Mode of Production

(noun) According to Karl Marx (1818–1883), a combination of the means of production and relations of production.

Mode of Production Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: mode of pro·duc·tion

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /mOHd uhv pruh-dUHk-shuhn/
  • British English – /mOHd UHv pruh-dUHk-shuhn/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /moʊd ʌv prəˈdʌkʃən/
  • British English – /məʊd ɒv prəˈdʌkʃən/

Usage Note

  • Plural: modes of production

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Additional Information

Related Terms


Poulantzas, Nicos. 1973. “On Social Classes.” New Left Review 78.

Works Consulted

Bilton, Tony, Kevin Bonnett, Pip Jones, David Skinner, Michelle Stanworth, and Andrew Webster. 1996. Introductory Sociology. 3rd ed. London: Macmillan.

Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Dillon, Michele. 2014. Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-First Century. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.

Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: Dorling Kindersley.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Cite the Definition of Mode of Production

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “mode of production.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved June 23, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/mode-of-production/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

mode of production. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/mode-of-production/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “mode of production.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed June 23, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/mode-of-production/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“mode of production.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 23 Jun. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/mode-of-production/>.