(noun) The first-hand observation and data collection of people’s behavior in their natural environment.
Example: Interviewing people at a public park or observing people’s behavior at a football game.
Audio Pronunciation: (field re·search)
Download Audio Pronunciation: field research.mp3
- In this instance, field refers to the natural settings of people instead of research conducting in a laboratory or library.
- A type of qualitative research.
- Howard Becker (1928), Robert Park (1864–1944), and W.I. Thomas (1863–1947) are leading figures in the development of field research and part of the Chicago School (also called Ecological school) of sociology.
- Field research is typically longitudinal such as participant observation.
- Field notes are taken during field research.
- Observation in the field is either passive, where no direct interaction is made with the subjects or participatory, where a researcher actively engages in the activity with the subjects under study.
- Also called:
- fieldwork (field work, field-work)
- field study
- qualitative ethnography
- A (noun) field researcher conducts field research.
- Word origin of “field” and “research” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Babbie, Earl. 2013. The Practice of Social Research. 13th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
- Behar, Ruth. 1996. The Vulnerable Observer: Anthropology That Breaks Your Heart. Boston: Beacon Press.
- Bryman, Alan. 2012. Social Research Methods. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Emerson, Robert M., Rachel I. Fretz, and Linda L. Shaw. 2011. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Ferrell, Jeff, and Mark S. Hamm, eds. 1998. Ethnography at the Edge: Crime, Deviance, and Field Research. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
- Madden, Raymond. 2010. Being Ethnographic: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Ethnography. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Rossman, Gretchen B., and Sharon F. Rallis. 2012. Learning in the Field: An Introduction to Qualitative Research. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Singleton, Royce, Jr., and Bruce C. Straits. 2017. Approaches to Social Research. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Sunstein, Bonnie S., and Elizabeth Chiseri-Strater. 2012. Fieldworking: Reading and Writing Research. 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s Press.
- Conducting Field Research: writing.colostate.edu
- Institute for Field Research: ifrglobal.org
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
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Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
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Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
How to Cite the Definition of Field Research
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “field research.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 23, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/field-research/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
field research. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/field-research/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “field research.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/field-research/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“field research.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/field-research/>.