1. (noun) The natural world (i.e., animals, plants, and weather).
2. (noun) Referring to a specific location such as a classroom or workplace.
Audio Pronunciation: (en·vi·ron·ment)
Download Audio Pronunciation: environment.mp3
- Plural: environments
- Word origin of “environment” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Beck, Ulrich. 1992. Risk Society. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Dunlap, Riley E. 2002. “Paradigms, Theories and Environmental Sociology.” Pp. 329–50 in Sociological Theory and the Environment: Classical Foundations, Contemporary Insights, edited by R. E. Dunlap, F. H. Buttel, P. Dickens, and A. Gijswijt. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
- Grundmann, Reiner, and Nico Stehr. 2010. “Climate Change: What Role for Sociology? A Response to Constance Lever-Tracy.” Current Sociology 58(6):897–910. doi:10.1177/0011392110376031.
- Irwin, Alan. 2001. Sociology and the Environment: A Critical Introduction to Society, Nature and Knowledge. Cambridge: Polity.
- Lever-Tracy, Constance. 2008. “Global Warming and Sociology.” Current Sociology 56(3):445–66. doi:10.1177/0011392107088238.
- Sutton, Philip W. 2007. The Environment: A Sociological Introduction. Cambridge: Polity.
Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.
Giddens, Anthony, and Philip W. Sutton. 2014. Essential Concepts in Sociology. Cambridge: Polity.
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
How to Cite the Definition of Environment
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “environment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 14, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/environment/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
environment. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/environment/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “environment.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 14, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/environment/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“environment.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/environment/>.