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empirical evidence

Definition of Empirical Evidence

(noun) Data gained through observation or experimentation.

Example of Empirical Evidence

Empirical Evidence Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: em·pir·i·cal ev·i·dence

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /im-pIR-i-kuhl Ev-uh-duhns/
  • British English – /im-pIr-i-kuhl E-vi-duhns/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˌɛmˈpɪrɪkəl ˈɛvədəns/
  • British English – /ɛmˈpɪrɪkəl ˈɛvɪdəns/

Usage Notes

  • Empirical evidence is discovered through empirical research.
  • Also called:
    • empirical data
    • empirical knowledge
    • sense experience

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Additional Information

Related Terms


Rosenblum, Karen Elaine, and Toni-Michelle Travis. 2012. The Meaning of Difference: American Constructions of Race, Sex and Gender, Social Class, Sexual Orientation, and Disability. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Works Consulted

Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.

Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.

Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: Dorling Kindersley.

Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Cite the Definition of Empirical Evidence

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “empirical evidence.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 3, 2022 (https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

empirical evidence. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “empirical evidence.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 3, 2022. https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“empirical evidence.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 3 Oct. 2022. <https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/>.