Example: Ethnographic observations of a social scene.
Audio Pronunciation: (em·pir·i·cal ev·i·dence)
Download Audio Pronunciation: empirical evidence.mp3
- Empirical evidence is discovered through empirical research.
- Also called:
- empirical data
- empirical knowledge
- sense experience
- Empirical evidence used in a sentence: We collected empirical evidence to use in our statistics class.
- Qualitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “empirical” and “evidence” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: DK.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
How to Cite the Definition of Empirical Evidence
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “empirical evidence.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 14, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
empirical evidence. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “empirical evidence.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 14, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“empirical evidence.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/empirical-evidence/>.