(*noun*) In statistical analysis, a situation in which an increase in one variable increases another variable, and vice versa.

**Example:** When temperatures increase, ice cream sales increase.

**Audio Pronunciation: **(pos·i·tive cor·re·la·tion)

**Download Audio Pronunciation:** positive correlation.mp3

**Usage Notes:**

- Plural:
**positive correlations** - A positive correlation is contrasted to a negative correlation.
- Also called
**direct correlation**.

**Related Terms:**

- attribute
- cohort
- control group
- correlation
- dependent variable
- independent variable
- negative correlation
- random sample
- reliability
- spurious correlation
- statistics

**Works Consulted**

Babbie, Earl. 2013. *The Practice of Social Research*. 13th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bryman, Alan. 2012. *Social Research Methods*. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Burdess, Neil. 2010. *Starting Statistics: A Short, Clear Guide*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Cramer, Duncan, and Dennis Howitt. 2004. *The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics: A Practical Resource for Students in the Social Sciences*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Farlex. (N.d.) *TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus*. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).

Fioramonti, Lorenzo. 2014. *How Numbers Rule the World: The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics*. London: Zed Books.

Henslin, James M. 2012. *Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach*. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Larson, Ron, and Elizabeth Farber. 2015. *Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World*. 6th ed. Boston: Pearson.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.)* Oxford Dictionaries*. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Salkind, Neil J., ed. 2007. *Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Shepard, Jon M. 2010. *Sociology*. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. *Sociology and You*. New York: Glencoe.

Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) *Routledge Handbooks Online*. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).

Weinstein, Jay A. 2010. *Applying Social Statistics: An Introduction to Quantitative Reasoning in Sociology*. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.)* Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia*. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Wiley. (N.d.) *Wiley Online Library*. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).

**How to Cite the Definition of Positive Correlation**

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Seaman, C. E. 2015. “positive correlation.” In *Open Education Sociology Dictionary*, edited by Kenton Bell. Retrieved January 20, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/positive-correlation/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Seaman, C. E. (2015). positive correlation. In K. Bell (Ed.), *Open education sociology dictionary*. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/positive-correlation/

#### Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Seaman, C. E. 2015. “positive correlation.” In* Open Education Sociology Dictionary*, edited by Kenton Bell. Accessed January 20, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/positive-correlation/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

Seaman, C. E. “positive correlation.” *Open Education Sociology Dictionary*. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2015. Web. 20 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/positive-correlation/>.