induction

1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives general conclusions from a set of specific facts.

2. (noun) A research method that uses data such as observations to create generalizations.

3. (noun) Moving from the particular to the general.

Example:

  1. All dogs you have met wag their tail, therefore, all dogs must wag their tail.
  2. Every time you start to watch a movie your phone rings, therefore, you watching a movie makes people call you.

Audio Pronunciation: (in·duc·tion)

Download Audio Pronunciation: induction.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: inductions
  • Deduction is the opposite of induction.
  • The more confirming evidence collected through experiments or observations increases the probability that a theory is true, however it does not guarantee that the conclusion is true because there is always a possibility of unfound disconfirming evidence existing.
  • Induction does not explain why a phenomenon exists only that it does exist.
  • Induction is typically used in qualitative research such as ethnography or life history.
  • The inductive model refers to the process of induction used as research method.
  • Also called:
    • inductive logic
    • inductive reasoning
  • An (noun) inductionist (verb) induces (adjective) inductive or (adjective) inductional generalization (adverb) inductionally.

Related Terms: 

 


Works Consulted

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.

Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).

Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.

Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.

Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).

 

How to Cite the Definition of Induction

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “induction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 14, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/induction/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

induction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/induction/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “induction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 14, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/induction/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“induction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 14 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/induction/>.