1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives general conclusions from a set of specific facts.

2. (noun) A research method that uses data such as observations to create generalizations.

3. (noun) Moving from the particular to the general.


  1. All dogs you have met wag their tail, therefore, all dogs must wag their tail.
  2. Every time you start to watch a movie your phone rings, therefore, you watching a movie makes people call you.

Audio Pronunciation: (in·duc·tion)

Download Audio Pronunciation: induction.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: inductions
  • Deduction is the opposite of induction.
  • The more confirming evidence collected through experiments or observations increases the probability that a theory is true, however it does not guarantee that the conclusion is true because there is always a possibility of unfound disconfirming evidence existing.
  • Induction does not explain why a phenomenon exists only that it does exist.
  • Induction is typically used in qualitative research such as ethnography or life history.
  • The inductive model refers to the process of induction used as research method.
  • Also called:
    • inductive logic
    • inductive reasoning
  • An (noun) inductionist (verb) induces (adjective) inductive or (adjective) inductional generalization (adverb) inductionally.

Related Terms: