1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives general conclusions from a set of specific facts.
2. (noun) A research method that uses data such as observations to create generalizations.
3. (noun) Moving from the particular to the general.
- All dogs you have met wag their tail, therefore, all dogs must wag their tail.
- Every time you start to watch a movie your phone rings, therefore, you watching a movie makes people call you.
Audio Pronunciation: (in·duc·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: induction.mp3
- Plural: inductions
- Deduction is the opposite of induction.
- The more confirming evidence collected through experiments or observations increases the probability that a theory is true, however it does not guarantee that the conclusion is true because there is always a possibility of unfound disconfirming evidence existing.
- Induction does not explain why a phenomenon exists only that it does exist.
- Induction is typically used in qualitative research such as ethnography or life history.
- The inductive model refers to the process of induction used as research method.
- Also called:
- inductive logic
- inductive reasoning
- An (noun) inductionist (verb) induces (adjective) inductive or (adjective) inductional generalization (adverb) inductionally.
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How to Cite the Definition of Induction
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “induction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 23, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/induction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
induction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/induction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “induction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/induction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“induction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/induction/>.