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Definitions of Deduction

  1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives a conclusion from a set of premises and the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.
  2. (noun) Moving from the general to the particular.

Deduction Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: de·duc·tion

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /di-dUHk-shuhn/
  • British English – /di-dUHk-shuhn/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /dɪˈdʌkʃən/
  • British English – /dɪˈdʌkʃən/

Usage Notes

  • Plural: deductions
  • Deduction begins with theory, moves to hypothesis, then to prediction, and finally to testing and observation.
  • Deduction is the traditional logic used in scientific research as outlined by the scientific method.
  • The hypothetico-deductive model refers to the process of deduction used as research method.
  • An argument derived through deduction is a deductive explanation and called a syllogism. For example,
    • All words have definitions. Deduction is a word. Therefore, deduction has a definition.
    • Rain is wet. It is raining outside. It is wet outside.
  • Deduction is the opposite of induction.
  • A type of reductionism.
  • Also called:
    • deductive logic
    • deductive reasoning
    • synthesis
  • A (noun) deductionist (verb) deduces (adjective) deductive or (adjective) deductional theories (adverb) deductionally.

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Works Consulted

Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).

Cite the Definition of Deduction

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 22, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

deduction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 22, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“deduction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/>.