Definitions of Deduction
- (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives a conclusion from a set of premises and the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.
- (noun) Moving from the general to the particular.
- American English – /di-dUHk-shuhn/
- British English – /di-dUHk-shuhn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /dɪˈdʌkʃən/
- British English – /dɪˈdʌkʃən/
- Plural: deductions
- Deduction begins with theory, moves to hypothesis, then to prediction, and finally to testing and observation.
- Deduction is the traditional logic used in scientific research as outlined by the scientific method.
- The hypothetico-deductive model refers to the process of deduction used as research method.
- An argument derived through deduction is a deductive explanation and called a syllogism. For example,
- All words have definitions. Deduction is a word. Therefore, deduction has a definition.
- Rain is wet. It is raining outside. It is wet outside.
- Deduction is the opposite of induction.
- A type of reductionism.
- Also called:
- deductive logic
- deductive reasoning
- A (noun) deductionist (verb) deduces (adjective) deductive or (adjective) deductional theories (adverb) deductionally.
- Qualitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “deduction” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved February 24, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
deduction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed February 24, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“deduction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 24 Feb. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/>.