1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives a conclusion from a set of premises and the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.
2. (noun) Moving from the general to the particular.
- All words have definitions. Deduction is a word. Therefore, deduction has a definition.
- Rain is wet. It is raining outside. It is wet outside.
Audio Pronunciation: (de·duc·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: deduction.mp3
- Plural: deductions
- Deduction begins with theory, moves to hypothesis, then to prediction, and finally to testing and observation.
- Deduction is the traditional logic used in scientific research as outlined by the scientific method.
- The hypothetico-deductive model refers to the process of deduction used as research method.
- An argument derived through deduction is called a syllogism.
- Deduction is the opposite of induction.
- A type of reductionism.
- Also called:
- deductive logic
- deductive reasoning
- Sociologists use deduction to determine the logic of their theoretical arguments.
- A (noun) deductionist (verb) deduces (adjective) deductive or (adjective) deductional theories (adverb) deductionally.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stewart, Paul, and Johan Zaaiman, eds. 2015. Sociology: A Concise South African Introduction. Cape Town: Juta.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
How to Cite the Definition of Deduction
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 18, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
deduction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 18, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“deduction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/>.