1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives a conclusion from a set of premises and the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true.
2. (noun) Moving from the general to the particular.
- All words have definitions. Deduction is a word. Therefore, deduction has a definition.
- Rain is wet. It is raining outside. It is wet outside.
Audio Pronunciation: (de·duc·tion)
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- Plural: deductions
- Deduction begins with theory, moves to hypothesis, then to prediction, and finally to testing and observation.
- Deduction is the traditional logic used in scientific research as outlined by the scientific method.
- The hypothetico-deductive model refers to the process of deduction used as research method.
- An argument derived through deduction is called a syllogism.
- Deduction is the opposite of induction.
- A type of reductionism.
- Also called:
- deductive logic
- deductive reasoning
- Sociologists use deduction to determine the logic of their theoretical arguments.
- A (noun) deductionist (verb) deduces (adjective) deductive or (adjective) deductional theories (adverb) deductionally.
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How to Cite the Definition of Deduction
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved March 22, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
deduction. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “deduction.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed March 22, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“deduction.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 22 Mar. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/deduction/>.