(noun) Widely accessible and commonly shared aspects of culture (e.g., books, movies, TV shows) consumed by all classes (the masses), but typically associated with lower and middle classes.
1. (noun) The total number of individuals or objects from which a sample is taken for study; 2. (noun) The people living in a given area such as a city or country.
(noun) A demographic “snapshot” of a population based on the birth rate, migration, and mortality rate.
(noun) A graphic representing a population’s distribution according to age and sex.
(noun) In statistical analysis, a situation in which an increase in one variable causes an increase in another variable and vice versa.
(noun) A reward for conforming to established norms.
(noun) The doctrine that society is ordered and can be empirically understood and measured; that empirical knowledge gained through science is the best method to understand the world and all metaphysical explanations should be dismissed.
(adjective) Occurring after an individual’s death.
(noun) Where newly married spouses live after their marriage.
(noun) A broad and somewhat intentionally difficult to define term, typically applied to the arts and philosophy that was skeptical of “objective” universal explanations of how society and culture operate.
(noun) The state of lacking the material and social resources an individual requires to live a healthy life.
(noun) The minimum level of income determined per locality to remain above a state of poverty.
(noun) A scenario created when low-income individuals or families living in poverty, lose welfare or tax benefits when they secure employment or a higher salary, resulting in an overall worse economic condition because of the loss of their benefits.
(noun) The ability of an individual, group, or institution to influence or exercise control over other people and achieve their goals despite possible opposition or resistance.
(noun) A small group of influential and wealthy people that control a disproportionate amount of power and resources.
1. (noun) A request or wish made to a supernatural being or power; 2. (noun) Communicating with supernatural beings or power.
(noun) A favorable or unfavorable preconceived feeling or opinion formed without knowledge, reason, or thought that prevents objective consideration of an idea, individual, group, or thing (object).
(noun) The socially recognized admiration, honor, or respect attached to certain roles and statuses.
(noun) A religious specialist that acts as a go-between for an individual or group and the supernatural; they also typically preside over rituals such as death rites and marriages.
(noun) The type of aging caused by gradual and inevitable biological factors such as cellular and molecular changes.