sufficient condition

(noun) Something that if present guarantees an effect can occur.


  • Having ice cream means it is possible to eat ice cream.
  • The availability of oxygen means human life is possible.

Audio Pronunciation: (su·ffi·cient con·di·tion)

Download Audio Pronunciation: sufficient condition.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: sufficient conditions
  • Sufficient condition is related to necessary condition, which is something that must happen for an effect to occur.
  • Sufficient conditions are not always necessary. For example, a person with ice cream can eat a bowl of ice cream if they have ice cream, but you can still eat ice cream without a bowl. Additionally, to eat a bowl of soup, it not necessary or sufficient to have ice cream. Finally, it is both necessary and sufficient to have both a bowl and ice cream to eat a bowl of ice cream.
  • Also called:
    • sufficient cause
    • necessity

Additional Information:

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