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semi-peripheral nations

Definition of Semi-peripheral Nations

(noun) In world systems theory, nations that are not powerful enough to dictate economic and political policy but are sources of raw materials and an expanding middle-class marketplace which exploits peripheral nations, and is exploited by core nations.

Examples of Semi-peripheral Nations

Note: Based on research by Babones (2005).

Semi-peripheral Nations Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: sem·i pe·riph·er·al na·tions

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /sEm-i-puhr-rIf-uhr-ruhl nAY-shuhnz/
  • British English – /sE-mi-puh-rIf-uh-ruhl nAY-shuhnz/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˈsɛmi-pəˈrɪfərəl ˈneɪʃənz/
  • British English – /ˈsɛmi-pəˈrɪfərəl ˈneɪʃənz/

Usage Notes

Related Quotation

  • “Transitions from the semiperiphery to the core have historically been rare, and have largely driven by chance (e.g., the discovery of oil) or massive transfers (e.g., membership in the EU). Neither mechanism can be relied upon to drive policy in the poorer countries of the world more broadly . . . Keeping in mind that the vast majority of the world’s population lives in the periphery of the world-economy, it would not be an unworthy goal to focus on ways to help peripheral countries attain semiperipheral income levels. While the current research gives no guidance on how to accomplish this goal, it does suggest that such a goal might be productively pursued” (Babones 2005:53).

Additional Information

Related Terms


Babones, Salvatore J. 2005. “The Country-level Income Structure of the World-Economy.” Journal of World-Systems Research 11(1):29–55. doi:10.5195/jwsr.2005.392.

Works Consulted

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Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Stolley, Kathy S. 2005. The Basics of Sociology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Wiley. (N.d.) Wiley Online Library. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).

Cite the Definition of Semi-peripheral Nations

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “semi-peripheral nations.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 22, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/semi-peripheral-nations/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

semi-peripheral nations. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/semi-peripheral-nations/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “semi-peripheral nations.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 22, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/semi-peripheral-nations/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“semi-peripheral nations.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 22 Apr. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/semi-peripheral-nations/>.