Definition of Gender Role
Examples of Gender Role
- The idea that men are breadwinners (money makers) outside the home and women are homemakers that bake the bread and take care of children.
- The idea that men as masculine people are aggressive, competitive, and violent, and women as feminine people are gentle, passive, and nurturing.
Gender Role Pronunciation
- IPA Pronunciation
- Syllabification: (gen·der role)
- Plural: gender roles
- Gender roles change according to society and culture. For example, hunting and gathering societies typically had fluid gender roles, a less stratified division of labor, and a more egalitarian authority structure.
- Children are often assigned gender roles at birth when boys are wrapped in blue blankets and girls are wrapped in pink blankets.
- Gender socialization is the process of learning your gender role.
- Margaret Mead (1901–1978) studied gender roles in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935). Mead completed ethnographic research on three tribes in the Southwest Pacific island of New Guinea: the Arapesh, Mundugumor, and Tchambuli. By using the example above as defining masculinity as aggressive, competitive, and violent and femininity as gentle, passive, and nurturing—Mead compared and contrasted the tribes. Both men and women in the Arapesh tribe were feminine, both men and women in the Mundugumor tribe were masculine, and in the Tchambuli tribe, women were masculine and males were feminine.
- Sex and Gender Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “gender” and “role” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Brym, Robert J., and John Lie. 2007. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Crooks, Robert, and Karla Baur. 2014. Our Sexuality. 12th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Delaney, Tim, and Tim Madigan. 2015. The Sociology of Sports: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Ferrante, Joan. 2011. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Thorpe, Christopher, Chris Yuill, Mitchell Hobbs, Sarah Tomley, and Marcus Weeks. 2015. The Sociology Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained. London: Dorling Kindersley.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “gender role.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved August 22, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/gender-role/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
gender role. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/gender-role/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “gender role.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed August 22, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/gender-role/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“gender role.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 22 Aug. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/gender-role/>.