(noun) The biological or adoptive offspring of an individual; young person.
(noun) The intentional emotional, negligent, physical, or sexual mistreatment of a child by an adult.
(noun) Monotheistic belief system based on the Old and New Testaments of the bible, particularly the teachings of Jesus Christ.
(noun) A condition or disease that is persistent in its effects; a return to pre-onset normalcy is the exception.
See: reference circularity
(noun) The study of municipal affairs.
(noun) A group of people descended from a common ancestor such as an individual, animal, mythical being, or plant.
(noun) An individual’s or group’s position within the social hierarchy, typically based on power, prestige, and wealth.
(noun) According to Karl Marx (1818–1883), the struggle between the capitalist class (bourgeoisie) and the working class (proletariat).
(noun) According to Karl Marx (1818–1883), workers’ recognition of membership in a class and their relationship to the means of production.
(noun) A stratified system based on socioeconomic status in which individuals have the potential (real or imagined) for mobility.
(noun) A behavior, custom, or norm–either real or imagined–that define or reflect a class.
(noun) The distinct specialization of tasks in a bureaucracy that each individual must perform.
(noun) Two or more individuals or groups who combine influence, power, and resources to achieve a mutual goal.
(noun) In academic scholarship, a set of principles, responsibilities, and standards followed to assure ethical research and professional conduct.
(noun) Compelling an individual or group—either intellectually, morally, or physically—to do something; using force or threatening to use force.
(noun) A formal organization that members are typically forced to join with complex rules, norms, and sanctions.
(noun) When two people live together and share an intimate relationship, typically in reference to unmarried couples.
1. (noun) A group of people that share a demographic characteristic; 2. (noun) A group of people who are approximately the same age.
(noun) A characteristic, such as attitudes or values, reflected by members of a cohort due to shared lived experiences.