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disease

Definitions of Disease

  1. (noun) An abnormal disorder of function in a impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning.
  2. (noun) A social condition considered by some as abnormal or harmful.

Types of Disease

Disease Pronunciation

  • IPA Pronunciation
    • American English
      • /dɪˈziːz/
    • British English
      • /dɪˈziːz/
  • Syllabification: (dis·ease)

Usage Notes

  • Plural: diseases
  • Diseases are generally chronic or acute.
  • Epidemiology is the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease.
  • Also called:
    • illness
    • medical condition
    • sickness
  • Also informally called:
    • affliction
    • ailment
    • malady
  • Historically called:
    • morbus
    • rot

Additional Information

Related Terms


Works Consulted

Bender, David A. 2014. A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bradby, Hannah. 2009. Medical Sociology: An Introduction. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kent, Michael. 2007. The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Last, John M, ed. 2007. A Dictionary of Public Health. New York: Oxford University Press.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).

Martin, Elizabeth, ed. 2010. Concise Medical Dictionary. 8th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Martin, Elizabeth, and Robert Hine, eds. 2008. A Dictionary of Biology. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Martin, Elizabeth, and Tanya A. McFerran, eds. 2014. A Dictionary of Nursing. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Cite the Definition of Disease

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “disease.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 19, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/disease/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

disease. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/disease/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “disease.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 19, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/disease/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“disease.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 Oct. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/disease/>.