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Definition of Xenophobia

(noun) The fear and hatred of people and goods from other countries due to societal and cultural differences.

Xenophobia Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: xe·no·pho·bi·a

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /zen-uh-fOH-bee-uh/
  • British English – /ze-nuh-fOH-biuh/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˌzɛnəˈfoʊbiə/
  • British English – /zɛnəˈfəʊbɪə/

Usage Notes

  • The opposite of xenophobia is xenomania.
  • Variant spelling: xeno-phobia
  • Also called xenophoby.

Related Quotation

Additional Information

Related Terms


Catton, William R. 1960. “The Functions and Dysfunctions of Ethnocentrism: A Theory.” Social Problems 8(3):201–11. doi:10.2307/798910.

Works Consulted

Andersen, Margaret L., and Howard Francis Taylor. 2011. Sociology: The Essentials. 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.

Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) Routledge Handbooks Online. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).

Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Cite the Definition of Xenophobia

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “xenophobia.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 14, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/xenophobia/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

xenophobia. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/xenophobia/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “xenophobia.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 14, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/xenophobia/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“xenophobia.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/xenophobia/>.