(noun) A collective action by a group of people with a shared or collective identity based on a set of beliefs and opinions that intend to change or maintain some aspect of the social order.
Audio Pronunciation: (so·cial move·ment)
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- Plural: social movements
- Social movements are studied in social movement theory.
- A social movement organization (SMO) is a formal component of a larger social movement, such as Greenpeace, a SMO in the environmentalism movement.
- A social movement industry exists when several SMOs work independently or together for similar purposes, such Greenpeace, the Sierra Club, and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) which all advocate for the environment.
- The combination of all SMOs regardless of objectives is the social movement sector.
- A “call to action” in a social movement is called motivational framing.
- Also called:
- alternative movement
- new social movement theory
- prognostic framing
- reform movement
- religious movement
- resistance movement
- resource mobilization theory
- social action
- social change
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How to Cite the Definition of Social Movement
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “social movement.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 20, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/social-movement/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
social movement. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/social-movement/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “social movement.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 20, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/social-movement/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“social movement.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/social-movement/>.